Living with a long-term condition like osteoarthritis can influence many aspects of an individual's life.

Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis, influencing millions of people around the world. It happens when the protective cartilage that cushions the ends of the bones wears out over the long haul.

Despite the fact that osteoarthritis can damage any joint, the disorder most commonly influences joints, knees, hips and spine.

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The symptoms of osteoarthritis frequently develop gradually and deteriorate over the long run. Signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis include:

  1. Pain: Impacted joints could hurt during or after movement.
  2. Stiffness. Joint stiffness may be noticeable upon awakening or after being inactive.
  3. Tenderness: Your joint could feel tender when you apply light strain to or close to it.
  4. Loss of flexibility: You probably won't have the option to move your joint through its full scope of movement.
  5. Grating sensation: You could feel a grinding sensation when you utilize the joint, and you could hear popping or crackling.
  6. Bone spurs: These additional bits of bone, which feel like hard lumps, can form around the affected joint.
  7. Swelling: This may be caused by soft tissue inflammation around the joint.

Try not to overlook the signs of chronic joint pain and stiffness. The sooner you talk with a doctor, the sooner you can get a diagnosis, start treatment, and improve your quality of life.

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How is osteoarthritis treated?

There is no solution for osteoarthritis. Mild to moderate signs are well managed by a mix of pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic medicines. Medical treatments and recommendations include:

  1. Meds (topical pain meds and oral analgesics including nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory meds, NSAIDs).
  2. Exercise (land-and water-based).
  3. Intermittent hot and cold packs.
  4. Physical, occupational, and exercise treatment.
  5. Weight reduction
  6. Healthy eating, managing diabetes and cholesterol.
  7. Supportive devices like braces, orthotics, shoe inserts, cane, or walker.
  8. Intra-articular injection treatments (steroid, hyaluronic corrosive "gel").
  9. Complementary and alternative medicine strategies, including vitamins and supplements

Surgery might be useful to ease pain and restore function when other clinical therapies are ineffective or have been exhausted, particularly with advanced OA.

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When to see a specialist

If you have joint pain or stiffness that doesn't disappear, make an appointment with your pain specialist in Kondapur

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